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De Addiction

De Addiction

Addiction refers to a state of craving for a particular external substance which, for various reasons, the addicts feels he or she needs and cannot do without. Addicts often act in ways that damage themselves or others in order to get and use the desired substance.

What is Addiction?

Addiction is a chronic but treatable brain disorder. Once addicted to a drug, the individual cannot control his need for the drug even when he faces health problems or social / legal consequences.

This lack of control & behavioral changes is the result of alcohol/drug-induced changes in the brain. Imaging studies on brain show that addiction severely alters the areas of the brain which are critical to decision making, learning, memory and behavioral control.

It is because of this the substance abusers exhibit compulsive and destructive behavior patterns. Also, drugs modify the brains of addicted people in such a way that absence of drug leaves him in a state of deprivation where taking the drug becomes indispensable for survival.


Who is an Addict?

No one takes alcohol/drugs to become an addict. There is a mis-belief that he can recognize when addiction is developing and stop using on time. But this never happens and the person gets addicted in a period which varies with the substance abused.

As addicts, we use many mind-altering, mood-changing substance causes a problem in any area of life. Addiction is a disease which involves more than simple drug use. Some of us believe that our disease was present long before the first time we used.

Symptoms of Addiction

Addiction is a chronic but treatable brain disorder. Once addicted to a drug, the individual cannot control his need for the drug even when he faces health problems or social / legal consequences.

Addictions begin with experimentation with a substance. There are many reasons someone might initially try a drug, including curiosity, peer pressure, pleasure or stress and problems.

If you are concerned about someone you care about is struggling with addiction, there are several red flags you can look for. However, it’s important to remember everyone is different; it may be harder to detect an addiction in some people than in others. That being said, here are some general warning signs to be aware of:


  • Tolerance/ Irritability
  • Spending major part of income for alcohol/drug abuse
  • Unsuccessful attempts to cut down or stop using
  • Lack of appetite and personal hygiene
  • Changes in sleeping pattern
  • Lack of concentration, irresponsibility, aggressiveness and dishonesty
  • Ignoring commitments or responsibilities
  • Problems at work, school or at home
  • Unexplained absences
  • Appearing to have a new set of friends
  • Considerable monetary fluctuations
  • Staying up later than usual or sleeping in longer
  • Lapses in concentration or memory
  • Being oddly secretive about parts of personal life
  • Withdrawal from normal social contacts
  • Sudden mood swings and change in behavior
  • Unusual lack of motivation
  • Weight loss or changes in physical appearance

No one expects to develop an addiction when they begin experimenting. However, continued experimentation can lead to addiction, often without the person realizing they have become addicted until they try to stop.


Treatment

  • Medical observation (24*7)
  • Detoxification-Medical management for substance abuse
  • Motivating the patient to stay away from substance / Alcohol by individual counseling
  • Family counseling to strengthening their inter-personal relationship
  • Psychiatric intervention to manage the craving and other co-existing psychiatric disorders
  • Social intervention through group therapy
  • Conducting lecture classes to enhance their coping or problem solving skills